How we take care of our work
Design and marking of the plantation
For the correct planning of the plantation, the analysis of the orography of the area to be planted has been carried out, and the study of the most suitable design of the rows, in order to comply with the regulations of the General Directorate of Soils, and to find a balance between the use of water and drainage, without forgetting the future operating costs of mechanical collection.
The operation has been carried out with a surveying engineer and the use of a total station, which allows the field to be parceled with tutors every 35 meters, and to mark the guidelines for subsequent soil tillage operations.
The lines have been designed in a homogeneous, parallel way, with a North-South direction (340 ° -160 °), without taking into account the level lines of the land, and favoring the organization of the plantation in consideration of the mechanization of operations .
The plantation design used is Damero, or Marco Real, the density of the plants being 7x5 - that is, 7 meters of gauge, or space between rows and 5 meters between plants -, with a planting density of 286 plants / ha.
The tutors, of treated white eucalyptus, are buried about 40 cm. leaving only 1 meter of the tutor in the air.
In the general investment framework, one of the most important elements is the correct preparation of the soil, prior to planting. The use of deep subsoiling (70-80 cm), with double spike (40 cm.) And double eccentric pass, and formation of ridges, represent techniques normally recommended for soil preparation in olive growing in Europe, and are used in Uruguay in the reforestation sector, but, surprisingly enough, they are not frequent in olive plantations, despite their importance.
A careful and deep tillage favors the development of the root apparatus of the plants, ensuring stability in their maturity, favors the drainage of excess water, and represents a deep moisture reserve in case of dry and prolonged seasons.
The formation of ridges prevents the roots of young plants, more sensitive to excess moisture, from being in contact with soils with excess moisture, avoiding phenomena of suffocation of the radical apparatus, problems in the correct development of plants, and insurgency typical pathogenesis of excess moisture.
Soil and water conservation
The marking of the land and the creation of two cutwaters for a total of 2,500 mc, to irrigate the property and regulate the flow, considerably reduce the percentage of water not retained or used by the land.